Family Tree of the Adlers, Edwardses, Hogans, Lipscombes and Olivers

William Dean (1776 - 1847), and Elizabeth Hollingsworth (1781 - 1839)

  William DEAN
Born: 9 Nov 1776, Middlesex?, England
Died: 7 Nov 1847, Eastern Creek, NSW, Australia

William Dean
Born: 8 Sep 1805, Paramatta, NSW, Australia

John Samuel Dean
Born: 21 Jul 1807, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Christened: 28 Oct 1810, St John's Church, Parramatta, NSW, Australia
Died: 9 Jun 1894, Bulla, Vic, Australia
Buried: 12 Jun 1894, Bulla, Vic, Australia

Sarah Dean
Born: 1 Mar 1810, NSW, Australia
Died: 18 Oct 1874

Thomas Dean
Born: 22 Jan 1812, NSW, Australia
Died: 16 Jan 1891

Mary Dean
Born: 29 Oct 1813, NSW, Australia

Elizabeth Dean
Born: 8 May 1816, NSW, Australia
Died: 26 Mar 1896

Anne Dean
Born: 27 Oct 1819, NSW, Australia
Died: 28 Sep 1905

Martha Dean
Born: 21 Jul 1823, NSW, Australia
Died: 1870

Born: 19 Oct 1781, London, England
Died: 1 Feb 1839, Eastern Creek, NSW, Australia

W. Dean
Source: Beryl Rooke.

E. Hollingsworth
Source: Beryl Rooke. 

Story: William Dean (1776 - 1847)

From Beryl Rooke, added to this site 23 Dec 2001

William Dean was born 9 Nov 1776 (in Middlesex?) and died 7 Nov 1847 at Western Road, Eastern Creek, NSW, 9 miles from Parramatta.

William is said to have destroyed his personal papers. Some records have been traced in library papers, newspapers and books, and Church registers and the Middlesex Record Office; some information is family lore (sometimes differing from the truth).

His parents, native place and life prior to 1794 are not known. He was tried in July 1795 at the Old Bailey for stealing £20 from his employer James Massen, in Cavendish Square, London. He was sentenced to be hanged, but this sentence was finally respited to transportation to New South Wales for the term of his natural life.

He set sail on board "Hillsborough" from Weymouth on 23 December 1798 after three and a half years in gaol or on the hulks.

William married Elizabeth Hollingsworth, another convict (see her story), on Christmas Day 1806 at St John's Church of England, Parramatta. Elizabeth was a Londoner, born 19 Oct 1781; she died 1 Feb 1839 at Western Road.

Over the years in the newly established Colony, William and Elizabeth set up a new and satisfying style of life. Wheat was grown and sold, cattle raised and sold for meat and they kept the "Bush Inn" (perhaps also called "The Corporation").

They lived 9 miles from Parramatta on the Great Western Road. Nearby lived the Pikes, the Paisleys and the Snowdens. The Beasleys were in Windsor, the Warby family at Campbelltown. These were families which would intermarry with the Deans.

Several grants of land were made to William. A conditional pardon was granted him in 1818. The 1828 census shows that he had 220 acres, 8 horses, 100 cattle and the "Bush Inn".

-- Beryl Rooke, 1976.

From Beryl Rooke, added to this site 23 Dec 2001

The Indictment

This is a copy of the Indictment on parchment in Middlesex Record Office, London.

The Jurors for our Lord the King upon their oath present that WILLIAM DEAN late of the Parish of St Mary le Bone in the County of Middlesex Labourer on the twenty-fourth day of June in the 35th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third now King of Great Britain and so forth with force and arms at the Parish aforesaid in the County aforesaid in the dwelling house of James Massen there situate feloniously did steal take and carry away one promissory note signed by W.Dunn for the Gov-r and Compt-r of the Bank of England by which said note he the said W.Dunn did promise to pay Mr A.Newland or bearer on demand the sum of twenty pounds. The said note at the time of the committing the felony aforesaid being the property of the said James Massen and the sum of money payable secured by and upon the said note then (to wit) at the time of committing the felony aforesaid being due and unsatisfied to J.Massen the Proprietor thereof against the form of the Statute in that case made and provided and against the peace of our said Lord the King his Crown and Dignity.

After the trial, the Clerk of Court, as was the custom, wrote a record of the result. It was pencilled along the top margin.

Puts himself Jury say guilty no Goods sentenced to be hanged by the neck until dead.

This was in July 1795, the 35th year of the reign of George the Third.

The Trial

The Account of the Trial at the Old Bailey of WILLIAM DEAN follows. The Session officials included: Rt Hon Thomas Skinner, Esq., Lord Mayor of London; Sir Francis Butler; Sir Solden Lawrence; Sir John Rose; John Sylvester, etc.

From the published report at the Mitchell Library, Sydney, p.865, Q343 1L 1.7.1795.

Trial no 328

was indicted for feloniously stealing on 24 June a twenty pounds Bank Note the Property of James Massen in his dwelling house.

James Massen sworn. I live in --- Street, Cavendish Square.
Q - Have you a house of your own?
- I rent one.

Q - Did you lose any property out of that house and when?
- Yes, on the 24th June, a Bank Note; it was in my coat pocket; I left the coat off overnight and put on a morning gown that I have and went upstairs and in brushing the coat he took the Note out of the pocket. The lad lived with me as a servant.

Q - Are you sure the note was in your pocket book?
- I am very sure it was.

Q - How did you discover the note was gone?
- I did not discover it until the next morning; I discharged him in the morning; he did not suit my service at all; and I went to get some change out of my pocket book and I missed the note and I went to the Magistrate and got a warrant and I had a suspicion that he was gone to the White Horse coffee house; I went there and I see him sitting there with some wine before him and I went in and took him myself and there he was searched and we found a great deal of money about him and had bought a good deal of clothes; and afterwards he confessed that he took the note and had changed it and bought some clothes with it; he said he changed it at a Mr Banks' shoe warehouse in Oxford Street. I went the next morning to Mr Banks and Mr Banks had the very note in his hand going to pay it away; I told him he must not pay it away and he said he must make the payment; I said not with that; and I took the note from him and gave him another bank note of the same value.

Mr Alley: You say that you went to the White Horse cellar, Piccadilly, and there this man confessed?
- No I did not. He confessed afterwards.

Q- What promise did you make him to induce him to confess?
- None.

Robert Banks sworn. The prisoner at the bar had bought shoes off me several times and knowing his person I gave him cash for the note; I asked him whose it was? he said it was his master's; I asked him to indorse the note in his master's name; he indorsed the note in a fictitious name, No 25 Edward Street; Helen I think is is spelt.

Q - Was that the note you received of him?
- Yes.

Guilty. (Aged 16).

Judgement respited. Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr Justice Lawrence.

The Clerk then recorded the main details of each Trial in a register. He wrote:

Wm Dean - steal a Bank Note val 20 pounds of James Massen in his dwell. house.
Note: Puts himself Jury say Guilty no Goods; an objection in point of law arising the Court will advise a Judg-t respited until ...

Judicial Review

At the Middlesex Sept 1796 Session, William's case came up again. The clerk recorded:
The King...
convicted in July Session 1795 on an indictment against him for stealing a Bank note val £20 of James Massen in his dwelling house but an objection in point of law arising and the court not being advised his judgement was respited until 6th. The court now being advised / the opinion of the judges being delivered by the Recorder / say the prisoner was properly convicted and must receive judgement.
By the Court.

Published Report, p 615:

Mr Recorder delivered the Opinions of the Judges in the case of WILLIAM DEAN who was convicted in July Sessions 1795 of stealing a bank note value 20£ in a dw-house as follows: Your case was reserved for the opinions of the Judges; an objection was taken by the Counsel, that your offence was not a capital offence, that it did not fall within the Statute which makes it a capital offence to steal to the value of 40s. in a dwelling house. However it is my misfortune to inform you that the Judges are unanimously of the opinion to overrule that objection they think it ill-founded and therefore that your conviction is a proper an legal conviction.
p. 616
... Received Sentence of Death - 9 : ..., William Dean, ...

Final Sentence

It would appear that William Dean was again respited, for he was included in the September Session 1797 with the final outcome of his felony recorded:
Names of
men &
Attainted by former Sessions of Felony but execution of their judgements respited by His Majesty during his royal pleasure and His Majesty since being graciously pleased to extend his royal mercy unto them on condition of their being transported to the Eastern Coast of New South Wales or some other one of the Islands adjacent for and during the term of their natural lives signified in writing by one of His Majesty's Secretaries of State they are now ordered to be transported to the East Coast of New South Wales (or one other of the Islands adjacent) for and during the term of their natural lives.

-- Beryl Rooke, 1976

Story: Elizabeth Hollingsworth (1781 - 1839)

From Beryl Rooke, added to this site 22 Dec 2001

Elizabeth was a Londoner. She was tried 16 February 1803 at the Old Bailey for stealing £1 from her employer William Adams and sentenced to transportation for 7 years.

She sailed on "Experiment 1" on 2nd Jan 1804, arriving in New South Wales on 24 June 1804.

She was soon employed by William Dean at Eastern Creek and they married Christmas Day 1806 at St John's Church, Parramatta.

-- Beryl Rooke, 1976

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